In this article, we refer in to the polytheistic, traditional nature based witchcraft that has roots in Finnish shamanism and Celtic and Germanic cultures and has no name of it’s own. Traditional witchcraft doesn’t have a seminal work or stright rules – it evolves with the practitioner and may have many different forms of traditions and executions.
Main things in traditional witchcraft are honoring nature and traditions, as well as celebrating sabbaths, healing and foreseeing. The sabbaths come from druidism and shamanism and every sabbath has it’s own meaning and purpose.
For example, the sabbath Samhain is the feast of the ending of the summer and the beginning of the darkest times of the year. It’s also the feast to commemorate the deceased and in Samhains feast table theres plates and food for the deceased too. From Samhain to Yule it’s a tradition to burn a fire or a candle through the dark hours of the day, starting always in the evening when it’s getting darker and ending in the morning when it’s already bright.
Traditional witchcraft honors nature as it is and it’s gods and goddesses. The practitioners believe that the elements of fire, water, earth and air have both feminine and masculine god/goddess, for example Mother and Father Nature. This religion also commemorates the other types of beings such as Väki (a folk) of Water, Väki of Forest, Väki of Air, Väki of Earth and sprites, Fairies and Haltijas (an elf-like creatures in Finnish mythology that guards, helps or protects someone or some place).
A practitioner of traditional witchcraft has an altar in his/her house, where he/she can decelerate and calm down. Also the use of sacred space, kitchen witchcraft, herbs, healing and seeing are normal acts of the practitioner. Such things as conservation of nature, voluntary work and other humanistic work are usually close to the traditional witchcraft practitioners heart, but these kinds of things are not required. The most important thing is respecting gods/goddesses, what you feel inside and how you treat others and the nature.